Volume 14

October-December 2022

Epidemiological Survey of People with Celiac Disease in Sétif City, Algeria

Imène Boualeg

Celiac disease is a chronic inflammation of the mucosa of the small intestine, caused by the ingestion of gluten present in certain varieties of cereals (wheat, rye and barley). The aim of this work was to study the celiac disease and factors which can involved in its occurrence and development in Sétif city, Algeria. It was realize a direct and online questionnaire in which we interviewed about sixty people with celiac disease in Sétif city, Algeria. This survey includes patients aged 1 to 50 years. It is difficult to diagnose this disease, especially in adults who do not have family antecedents in advance. Through the results, celiac disease appears in women more than in men of different age groups, and its presence, especially in children, may indicate that it is affected by genetic factors. Clinical manifestations that appear after eating gluten include abdominal pain, bloating, severe diarrhea or constipation, severe weight loss, anemia, and lack of absorption of nutrients, especially vitamins, which can lead to several other diseases. Based on the results of this study, there is no definitive treatment for this pathology but a program aims to develop the means of early diagnosis and a health education can be set up. Health education helps people understand celiac disease. Early diagnosis allows early detection of disease and makes to follow a gluten-free diet before any complication.

Keywords: Celiac Disease, Epidemiology, Gluten, Inflammation, Survey.